It is a " system " opening that can be used against virtually any black defence and thus comprises a smaller body of opening theory than many other openings. The Caro-Kann is extremely solid but not as dynamic as many of black's other defenses against e4. The Reti opening (1. Like other popular engines such as Stockfish, SugaR is not a complete chess program. Intermediate players may find less-familiar openings to study here.. Beginners are advised to use the shortlist on the Clear screen. White players who prefer a quieter, more positional game tend to prefer 1. d4 to 1. e4, after which the c4 break is the best way to play for an advantage either on the second move or soon after. This is a list of chess openings that are gambits.The gambits are organized into sections by the parent chess opening, giving the gambit name, ECO code, and defining moves in algebraic chess notation Most of the chess openings have been named and analyzed for hundreds of years. Kutjanin – Jakobjuk, Vienna Game (C27) 9. It remained popular through the 19th century but today has been supplanted by the Ruy Lopez as white's favorite choice on the third move. Queen's Pawn Game. This book draws on my private collec-tion of ﬁve thousand chess books, and my archives of periodicals going back 150 years. Les blancs offrent un pion pour mieux contrôler le centre et le recapturent plus tard en développant leur fou de cases blanches. Scandinavian Defense. Sicilian Defense: Closed. Popular lines in the Ruy Lopez include but are not limited to the Morphy defense, Steinitz defense, and the Berlin defense. These openings, while less solid than the classical d5, offer more immediate opportunities for counterplay. This classical approach pretends to offer a pawn. Seule la Défense Berlin de la Ruy Lopez est probablement davantage proscrite dans le coeur des amateurs d'échecs. A simultaneous move (the only one in chess) whereby king and rook move past each other. The queen's gambit, marked by the moves 1. d4, d5 and 2. c4 is one of the oldest chess openings. Chess Opening Names is a book which any chess fan will enjoy, no matter their level of ability. Nc3, Hungarian Attack: a system popularised by the Hungarian GM Forintos and characterised by an early Nge2 against the, Jalalabad Defense 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 c5, or 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 e5, Lemberg Gambit (Lvov Gambit) 1.Nf3 Nf6 2.e4 or 1.Nf3 d5 2.e4, Maltese Falcon Attack (or Gibbins-Wiedehagen Gambit) 1.d4 Nf6 2.g4 Nxg4 3.f3 Nf6 4.e4, New Castle Gambit of the (French Defense Tarrasch variation) 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nd2 e5, This page was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 18:28. Black has several options: the queen's gambit accepted, queen's gambit declined, and the Slav defense. Of course Pawn Structure in Chess is his most famous and best. It is indeed important to know how to attack at chess, but it is equally important to understand how to play solid defense and get yourself out of hard positions . Explore openings variations and find matching master chess games to study. You can also watch top players and compete for prizes. But slowly, and with much practice, after about 1000 games of chess with little opening/defense knowledge, I was able to reach the mid 1200's quite easily. Why is the “Sicilian Defense” associated with a Mediterranean Island? List of Popular Chess Openings. Bb5. Using a time-tested opening can help you improve your game and even boost your chance of winning. La défense Petrov est une des ouvertures les plus détestées aux échecs. The Sicilian is the most popular and best-scoring response to White's first move 1.e4. Like the French defense, the Caro-Kann defense (1. e4, c6) prepares d5 on black's second move to challenge white's e4 pawn. To see the chess games in the database for the current position, click on the "Games for Position" tab. Italian Game. The Sicilian Defence is a chess opening that begins with the following moves: . 1. e4 c5. From world chess champions to FIDE masters, you will find an enormous collection of games that you can search, sort, and download. ChessOps - SHORT GROUP-LIST. Indian Defenses: a complex of chess openings beginning 1.d4 Nf6, including the Nimzo-Indian Defense, Queen's Indian Defense, King's Indian Defense, Bogo-Indian Defense, Old Indian Defense, Janowski Indian Defense, etc. Système Blancs contre la défense Hollandaise 2.Fg5; Défense Scandinave 1.e4 d5 2.exd5 Cf6; Gambit Dame refusé contre 1.d4; La défense Française contre 1.e4; Contact; Les finales – La technique défensive de Philidor. There are many popular lines arising after Nf6: the king's Indian defense, Nimzo-Indian defense, queen's Indian defense, and the Grunfeld defense. You probably know the names already: the Sicilian Defense, the Ruy Lopez, the French Defense, the Caro-Kann, the Benoni, the London System, the Scandinavian Defense and so on. There are some interesting statistics on the frequency of chess openings, from chess data bases. Nf3, Nc6; and 3. Prepare to be surprised, amazed, amused, and informed. Play online with friends, challenge the computer, join a club, solve puzzles, analyze your games, and learn from hundreds of video lessons. Below is a list of chess openings named after places. The starting position of the Ruy Lopez is reached after the following moves: 1. e4, e5; 2. But that's impossible--I don't have knight in my name!) Robert F. Combe – Wolfgang R. Hasenfuss, Benoni Defense: General (A43) 6. In this section we cover everything you need to know about the most popular chess openings. Suger XPro. Popular variations in the Caro-Kann include the classical variation, advance variation, exchange variation, and Panov-Botvinnik attack. Le Gambit de la Dame est une ouverture bien connue et solide pour les blancs qui commence par 1.d4 d5 2.c4. The London System is a chess opening that usually arises after 1.d4 and 2.Bf4, or 1.d4, 2.Nf3 and 3.Bf4. By playing c5, black immediately fights for the center and attacks d4 but avoids the symmetry of e5. How Chess Pieces Move. Additionally, kings are able to make a special move, know as castling. Nf3, Nc6; and 3. Who is the “Staunton Gambit” named after? After the most typical line of 2. d4, d5, white's "e" pawn is immediately pressured, and white must decide how to deal with this. Kings move one square in any direction, so long as that square is not attacked by an enemy piece. Zaitsik – Zichulidze, Reti Opening (A09) 7. You probably know the names already: the Sicilian Defense, the Ruy Lopez, the French Defense, the Caro-Kann, the Benoni, the London System, the Scandinavian Defense and so on. Edward is a freelance writer with 8 years experience writing for The Spruce, and a first place winner of the World Open. On this page you can study the names and basic ideas of popular chess openings and variations. They are unable to jump over pieces. Chess opening statistics can been viewed on the display to the right of the board. Chess Database Search through millions of top games played by the strongest chess players of the past and present. Each of these and several other variations lead to numerous sub-variations. Bb2 Qd6 3. a3 e5 4. See page for details. There are countless lines that can arise from the starting moves of 1. e4 c5. Advanced players may also wish to study via the Full Group-List or the Full Alpha-Index.. Search through more than 3,000 opening lines to find the perfect chess opening for you. The people, places and stories behind the chess openings and their names When we play chess, the first few moves define the game . Many chess champions actually prefer to start with 1.d4 because of how well the Sicilian Defense plays against 1.e4. Here are a few chess team names that have been used in team chess. This is a special art that every grandmaster should excel in. While many players may choose to stick with the most popular chess openings, others like to venture out and try some more unusual variations.These unorthodox openings may not see much play at the grandmaster level, but they're dangerous weapons at all levels of play—and can even give a club player a huge advantage over an unprepared opponent! Any deliberate violation of the Laws of Chess. The English opening is a flexible choice for white. It is important if you want to be successful in chess to be familiar with some of the most popular openings and understand the theory behind the moves. This opening is still used at all levels and is quite popular among club players. To search the chess database, either enter your criteria into the quick search box or use the advanced search by clicking on the advanced search label. New In Chess stated in its 2000 Yearbook that of the games in its … It will boost your confidence and help you overcome fear of the opening. Inverted Hungarian Opening 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Be2. named after players from Slavic countries who contributed many ideas to the development of this opening Nf3) is named after the great chess master Richard Reti. After reading today’s article you will learn about seven most important principles of defense at chess, and hopefully will be able to apply those in your own games. Still, the Italian game often leads to aggressive, open positions, which can be fun to play. The people, places and stories behind the chess openings and their names When we play chess, the first few moves define the game . Some common variations of the Pirc defense include the classical system and Austrian attack. Chess experts have come up with numerous variations, and a wide variety of strategic plans are available to both white and black. After 1. d4, black is not obligated to play d5 in response. Bc4. Forget about being a strong chess player if you don’t know how to defend well. You probably know the names already: the Sicilian Defense, the Ruy Lopez, the French Defense, the Caro-Kann, the Benoni, the London System, the Scandinavian Defense and so on. The French defense (1. e4, e6) concedes central space to white and limits the scope of his king's bishop but prevents tactics against f7 while allowing black to have activity on the queenside and counterplay in the center. The Sicilian defense (1. e4, c5) is black's most popular response to e4, especially at the highest levels of chess. A number of less well-accepted ethnic chess opening names (including such gems as the "Anglo-Polish Dutch," 1.c4 f5 2.b4) can be found in this list of chess opening names. Chess opening statistics can been viewed on the display to the right of the board. Pistolet d’alarme Walther P22Q Chess noir et blanc cal 9mm P.A. Chaturanga. Of the games in which it was played, 33.1% were wins for White, 22.4% wins for Black, and 44.5% drawn. At some point in your development as a chess … It is important if you want to be successful in chess to be familiar with some of the most popular openings and understand the theory behind the moves. 900! Eventually the c-pawn of black is usually exchanged, opening the semi-open c file for black to bring his queen or rook to and add pressure to the queen side attack. CCRL Rating: 3533. The Sicilian Defense may be the single most common chess opening in modern play. In reality, black cannot expect to hold onto the pawn if the player chooses to capture it in exchange for a stronger center. Mairelys D. Crespo – Lincoln Lucena, Philidor Defense (C41) 8. This leads to several variations including the exchange variation, advance variation, Tarrasch variation, Winawer variation, and classical variation. In this entertaining book, bestselling author Nathan Rose lays out the origins of over 50 standard chess openings and their names. List of chess openings named after people, "Lubomir Kavalek: The Vinohrady Variation", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_chess_openings_named_after_places&oldid=992900432, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Arkhangelsk Defense (or Archangel Defense) of the. I have also used the experience gained in the training of my three daughters – Olympic But most chess players don't know WHY the openings are called what they are. Écrit par admin // 2 juin 2015 // Pour progresser, Vidéos // 2 Comments. Cheating at chess. Recognizing and understanding the best openings can increase your confidence in the beginning phase of the game. These players mostly focus on attacking chess, tactics and sacrifices. It is indeed important to know how to attack at chess, but it is equally important to understand how to play solid defense and get yourself out of hard positions. Ruy López Opening. Today, most players generally agree that White begins the game with some advantage. But most chess players don't know WHY the openings are called what they are. The Sicilian defense typically leads to a complex and dangerous struggle where both sides can play for a win. Just because these openings are the most common does not mean that other options aren't playable. Chess openings are listed and classified according to their first few moves. Still, there are great chess books like Chess for Zebras: Thinking Differently about Black and White by Jonathan Rowson who claims that while White has some advantages by being allowed to make the first moves, Black has some other advantages. Some chess openings are better than others. Illustration: The Spruce / Catherine Song, The Ruy Lopez —also known as the Spanish game—is named after Rodrigo (Ruy) Lopez de Segura, a Spanish bishop who analyzed this opening in his 1561 work, "Libro de la Invencion Liberal y Arte del Juego del Axedrez," the "Book of the Liberal Invention and Art of the Game of Chess.". Players everywhere know the names of the chess openings, but far fewer know the incredible back stories behind them. First developed in the 1600s and perhaps the oldest chess opening, the Italian game also called the giuoco piano, "the quiet game" in Italian, is reached by the moves: 1. e4, e5; 2. There are many distinct variations in the Sicilian defense, each of which leads to different types of positions, they are the closed Sicilian, classical Sicilian, dragon variation, and Najdorf variation. The English often transposes into openings normally seen after 1. d4, either exactly or with slight variations due to move order. Thats very very low. Danube Gambit 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 g6 3.d5 b5 4.cxb5 a6 5.bxa6 c6, German Defense of the Polish Sokolsky Opening 1. b4 d5 2. Valt Borsony – Albert Laustsen, Sicilian Defense: Dragon Variation (B70) 10. This chess engine features null move pruning, forward pruning, principal variation search, parallel search with up to 8 threads, and blockage detection in the endgames. MAJOR OPENINGS, DEFENCES and Variations by GROUP. It requires compatible GUI, such … One possible formation for white is the king's Indian attack. Ajouter au panier. The Oxford Companion to Chess lists 1,327 named chess openings and variants. Why is the “Sicilian Defense” associated with a Mediterranean Island? Libro de la Invencion Liberal y Arte del Juego del Axedrez. To see the chess games in the database for the current position, click on the "Games for Position" tab. Play chess on Chess.com - the #1 chess community with +30 million members around the world. To search the chess database, either enter your criteria into the quick search box or use the advanced search by clicking on the advanced search label. SugaR engine is derived from Stockfish and supports up to 128 cores. There are numerous opening systems in chess that are played at the game's highest levels, and even more that are popular among club and recreational players. Alekhine's Defense. Viewable chess game Paul Morphy vs Thomas Wilson Barnes, 1858, with discussion forum and chess analysis features. King's Gambit. Belgrade Gambit 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.d4 exd4 5.Nd5!? There are many popular lines arising after Nf6: the king's Indian defense, The Sicilian Defense may be the single most common chess opening in modern play. In his book, in order to explain the first mover advantage in chess, GM Jonathan Rowson compares it t… I find it interesting that people with 'knight' in their names are so interesting in responsible drinking. Compared to the French, black has avoided blocking his king's bishop but will require a second move to play c5, a source of counterplay, where a player in a weaker position, essentially, fights back. The people, places and stories behind the chess openings and their names When we play chess, the first few moves define the game . Bxc4 O-O 9. Castling. One well-known setup that can arise from the English opening is the Hedgehog defense. Sicilian Defense: Alapin Variation. The study of chess openings as been a major part of the game for hundreds of years, with countless books devoted to analyzing the strengths and weaknesses of various sequences. Nd4 Nf6 6. c4! Titles in bold type below indicate major description pages ("Jump" screens). Just a quick note -- a few years ago Edward Winter kindly published an email from me in Chess Notes 4435 about the origin of the name 'Benoni' in Hebrew chess literature. The most frequent accusations of cheating include violations of the touch and move law (Article 4) and 'no outside help' … Gunderam Defense – 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Qe7 – named after Gerhard Gunderam; Gurgenidze Defense of the Modern Defense – 1.e4 g6 2.d4 Bg7 3.Nc3 c6 4.f4 d5 5.e5 h5 – named after Bukhuti Gurgenidze; Gurgenidze Variation of the Caro-Kann Defence – 1.e4 c6 2.d4 … Nf3 e4 5. You probably know the names already: the Sicilian Defense, the Ruy Lopez, the French Defense, the Caro-Kann, the Benoni, the London System, the Scandinavian Defense and so on. Variations in the Italian game include the two knights defense and the Hungarian defense. Queens move diagonally, horizontally, or vertically any number of squares. 16. They may also inspire you to study the literature dealing with problems, or even to create your own chess problems.  Many of them are named for geographic places. ... Centre counter 1.e4 d5 (also called Scandinavian defence) Pirc defence 1.e4 d6 (may also be played against 1.d4) Modern defence 1.e4 g6 (may also be played against 1.d4) Who is the “Staunton Gambit” named after? Chess opening statistics can been viewed on the display to the right of the board. You can also enter a "reversed" Sicilian defense if black responds with e5, where white is playing the Sicilian defense with an extra tempo. Prepare to be […] To search the chess database, either enter your criteria into the quick search box or use the advanced search by clicking on the advanced search label. The chess database chessgames.com contains 9,264 games in which the Berlin Defence was played, making it the second-most popular variation of the Ruy Lopez and constituting about 17% of all Ruy Lopez games. Over the course of his career, former World Champion Garry Kasparov assembled a personal database of more than 20,000 openings and variations. chess problems. The earliest form of chess. In this opening, Bc4 eyes black's potentially weak f7 pawn, but over the years, improved defensive techniques have shown this to be less dangerous to black than Bb5. Get DIY project ideas and easy-to-follow crafts to help you spruce up your space. The primary objectives of the opening is to control the centre, develop the pieces, get the king safe and achieve a playable middle-game position. Cependant, il est clair que ses deux armes favorites sont le Gambit Dame et la Défense Sicilienne. Cette arme à blanc destiné à votre défense personnelle pour effrayer un intrus en produisant une détonation de coup de feu avec des cartouches 9mm chargées de gaz. Originally considered an inferior opening, the Pirc Defense (1. e4, d6) is now accepted as a solid choice. Ways for Black to Respond to e4 Opening Move in Chess, The Fool's Mate, Chess' Fastest Checkmate, Special Chess Rules for Castling, Pawn Promotion, and En Passant. (Of course, I agree with them! Chess Opening Names is a book which any chess fan will enjoy, no matter their level of ability. See History of chess.. Black allows white to build an imposing center, then attempts to turn that center into a target for attack. The first few moves in the chess opening lays the foundation for every chess game.