Wood1.com is the international website for the worldwide Wood Industry. Entirely wanting in sterile flower. The pith is chambered with greenish partitions. 5 out of 5 stars (173) 173 reviews $ 15.00. [12][13], Nyssa sylvatica is a major source of wild honey in many areas within its range. Used for turnery. It grows in woods and moist areas from Maine southward to the Gulf Coast and westward to Oklahoma. Black Gum is one of the most elegant trees of the North American lowlands. With distinctive stout and many-branched trunks, black tupelo is easily recognized in wet forests. Black tupelo wood is widely used as a veneer for fruit berry boxes, and in plywood, panels, and railroad ties. Black Tupelo Tupelo Amount of Figure Intermediate Tupelo Amount of Natural Luster Low Tupelo Availability of Wood Adequate Tupelo Available As Lumber Yes Tupelo Available as Veneer No Tupelo Available only in small sizes No Tupelo Bending Strength Moderate Tupelo Blunting of Tool Blades Moderate Tupelo Botanical Name Nyssa aquatica, sylvatica Tupelo Carving Average to somewhat … Stone more or less ridged. The wood of Nyssa sylvatica is heavy, hard, cross-grained, and difficult to split, especially after drying. [7], In the UK the cultivar 'Wisley Bonfire' has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. The flowers are very small, in greenish-white in clusters at the top of a long stalk and a rich source or nectar for bees. The common name of this wetland tree, tupelo, comes from the Creek Indian word for swamp. In areas where they intermingle, the two are hard to tell apart. Tupelo is also occasionally available as larger carving blocks. The black tupelo is usually found on light soils of uplands and stream bottoms. Nyssa L. – tupelo Species: Nyssa sylvatica Marshall – blackgum Subordinate Taxa. All competition grade! Tupelo is also occasionally available as larger carving blocks. Tupelo is preferred by many power carvers because it does not "fuzz" when carved. Common Uses: Carving, furniture, crates/boxes, and utility wood. October. Nyssa sylvatica, Black Tupelo leaves and unripe fruits (Photo By: Richard Webb / bugwood.org) Black Tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica) , also called black gum tree is a North Eastern American native tree producing edible fruit in the fall. It comes from the Creek words ito ‘tree’ and opilwa ‘swamp’. Our buying guides are designed using a unique technology with a set of algorithms. Hello Select your address All Hello, Sign in. caroliniana, which is sometimes called the Yellow Gum. Nyssa sylvatica is found in a wide range of climates, due to its extensive distribution. The stem rises to the summit of the tree in one tapering unbroken shaft, the branches come out at right angles to the trunk and either extend horizontally or droop a little, making a long-narrow, cone-like head. Home » Trees » Nyssaceae » Nyssa sylvatica » Sour Gum, Tupelo, Black Gum. Because older trees of Black Tupelo often develop cavities, they provide dens for various small mammals and nesting habitat for some species of birds. The lumber is also used for boxes, crates, pallets, and often for concealed furniture parts. Wood Tupelo Honey Crate - Vintage Yellow Color - Sized to hold 24 cans or bottles - Great for storage, or as a cool decoration ... Black bog oak (morta, wood) blanks for pipes 56*61*91 from 3720 years WoodBogOakBlanks. It is sometimes included in the subfamily Nyssoideae of the dogwood family, Cornaceae, but is placed by other authorities in the family Nyssaceae. [3], The species' common name, tupelo, is of Native American origin, coming from the Creek words ito "tree" and opilwa "swamp"; it was in use by the mid-18th century. Its often spectacular autumnal coloring, with intense reds to purples, is highly valued in landscape settings. The range of swamp tupelo is limited to the Atlantic Coastal Plains and to estuaries from Maryland to Florida and along the Gulf of Mexico to southeastern Louisiana. Though it is not the dominant tree type in this oak/pine woodland, its presence still provides numerous benefits to wildlife. Showing all 10 results. Stamens: Five to twelve. [9] When found on drier upper slopes and ridges, it is seldom of log size or quality.[9]. Tupelo is a favored wood for wildfowl carvings. The binomial name of black tupelo is Nyssa sylvatica. [9], Nyssa sylvatica is found in a variety of upland and wetland habitats in its extensive range. Comments: The name tupelo is of Native American origin, coming from the Muskogee words ito (tree) and opilwa (swamp). Leaves: Alternate, often crowded at the end of the lateral branches, simple, linear, oblong to oval, two to five inches (127 mm) long, one-half to three inches (76 mm) broad, wedge-shaped or rounded at base, entire, with margin slightly thickened, acute or acuminate. [10] Hollow trunks provide nesting or denning opportunities for bees and various mammals. Nyssa sylvatica's genus name, Nyssa, refers to a Greek water nymph;[3] the species epithet sylvatica refers to its woodland habitat. Allergies/Toxicity: Besides the standard health risks associated with any type of wood dust, no further health reactions have been associated with Black Tupelo. The closely related water tupelo (Nyssa aquatica) is a tree most often seen growing in standing water in swamps and bottomlands in the lower Mississippi valley and southeastern U.S. coastal areas, either in pure stands or in combination with bald cypress, water oaks and swamp cottonwoods. They are a valuable energy food for birds, especially the American robin. Location Wood County, TX . Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Compare Deer are extremely fond of the leaves on seedlings and saplings, to the point where large populations of them can make establishment of the tree almost impossible. Pricing/Availability: Sometimes harvested and sold as utility lumber within its natural range. The fruit is a black-blue, ovoid stone fruit, about 10 mm long with a thin, oily, bitter-to-sour tasting flesh and very popular with small bird species. Polygamodiœcious, yellowish green, borne on slender downy peduncles. Wood: Pale yellow, sapwood white; heavy, strong, very tough, hard to split, not durable in contact with the soil. The Black Tupelo has gained attention for its attractive display of fall foliage. Grain/Texture: Grain is interlocked, with a fine texture. Endgrain: Diffuse-porous; radial multiples of two to four pores; small to medium pores arranged in a radial pattern, numerous; parenchyma not visible with lens; narrow rays, spacing fairly close. Nyssa sylvatica grows to 20–25 metres (66–82 ft) tall, rarely to 35 metres (115 ft), with a trunk diameter of 50–100 centimetres (20–39 in), rarely up to 170 centimetres (67 in). Feather-veined, midrib and primary veins prominent beneath. Copyright © 2008-2021 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved. [8] Optimum development is made on lower slopes and terraces in the Southeastern United States. Flowers: May, June, when leaves are half grown. (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private.). Following pollination, greenish flowers appearing in late spring develop into purple berries. It is the longest living non-clonal flowering plant in Eastern North America, capable of obtaining ages of over 650 years.[11]. Price. [3] The bark is dark gray and flaky when young, but it becomes furrowed with age, resembling alligator hide on very old stems. The finest obtainable, experience the difference good, dry, wood can make. Amazon.com: tupelo carving wood. i challenge the rot resistance you state. Pages 12 & 26 "The Tie Guide 2nd edition (2016)" Prepared for the Railway Tie Association (RTA) by David A. Webb and Geoffrey V. Webb, Learn how and when to remove this template message, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-1.RLTS.T61990588A61990590.en, "Tupelo, Black gum, sour gum - Nyssa sylvatica", http://www.ldeo.columbia.edu/~adk/oldlisteast/#spp, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University Source, Interactive Distribution Map for Nyssa sylvatica, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nyssa_sylvatica&oldid=1001405810, Trees of the Great Lakes region (North America), Articles needing additional references from June 2010, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2011, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Black tupelo is a hardwood tree which grows to 75 feet tall, has a medium growth rate, pyramidal shape with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. They are often dioecious so a male and female tree in proximity is required to set seed, however, many trees are also polygamo-dioecious, which means they have both male and female flowers on the same tree. Corolla: Petals five, imbricate in bud, yellow green, ovate, thick, slightly spreading, inserted on the margin of the conspicuous disk. Tupelo Blocks. Today's Deals; From Our Brands. Nyssa sylvatica grows in various uplands and in alluvial stream bottoms from southwestern Maine and New York, to extreme southern Ontario, central Michigan, Illinois, and central Missouri, south to southern Florida, eastern Texas, and eastern Oklahoma. This portal is an active B2B website for all Wood Suppliers and their products like Wood. The split resistant wood is used to make mauls, pulleys, and bowls as well as for rough floors and pulpwood. This plant has no children Legal Status. The companies are divided into suppliers for Tupelo Beams, Tupelo Logs, Tupelo Plywoods, Tupelo Poles, Tupelo Wood Chips and more. Account & Lists ... BLACK+DECKER; 3M; Brita; Amazon; Command; See more. Hollow sections of black gum trunks were formerly used as bee gums by beekeepers.[14]. Ovoid, two-thirds of an inch long, dark blue, acid. Nyssa Sylvatica wood is hard, resistant to wear, cross-grained, heavy and hard to split after drying. The largest recorded black tupelo tree is 144 feet tall and has a crown spread of 95 feet. For comparison, mature trees are largely left alone. [3] The wood is also used for pallets, rough floors, pulpwood, and firewood. Tree Size: 65-100 ft (20-30 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1.0 m) trunk diameter, Average Dried Weight: 34 lbs/ft3 (545 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .46, .55, Modulus of Rupture: 9,500 lbf/in2 (65.5 MPa), Elastic Modulus: 1,188,000 lbf/in2 (8.19 GPa), Crushing Strength: 5,470 lbf/in2 (37.7 MPa), Shrinkage: Radial: 5.1%, Tangential: 8.7%, Volumetric: 14.4%, T/R Ratio: 1.7. I took down a blackgum tupelo sapling a few years back. Its wood, which is very strong, was used in colonial times for water pipes. They can be oval, elliptical, or obovate, and 5–12 cm (2–4.5 in) long. Since the wood is very tough, resistant to wear, it has been used for shuttles in weaving. Five species out of these are native to North … See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information. Rot Resistance: Rated as non-durable to perishable; also susceptible to insect attack. It generally is able to take finer details, holds paint better, and does not fuzz up during power carving like Basswood. Wetland Status. Here we are to offer you a tupelo carving wood buying guide, wherein our information is 100% unbiased and authentic. The fact was, that once down, a black gum log was nearly impossible to split with tools at hand. The leaves are short-petioled and so have little individual motion, but the branches sway as a whole. Tupelo 8" x12" x 24" (click for shipping information) $198.00. These trees grow best on well-drained, light-textured soils on the low ridges of second bottoms and on the high flats of silty alluvium. These trees are fast growing in well-drained bottomlands, but slow growing in swampy sites. Quartersawn surfaces exhibit ribbon-stripe patterning due to interlocked grain. Its flowers are an important source of honey and its fruits are important to many birds and mammals. This resistance to splitting led to its use for making mauls, pulleys, wheel hubs, agricultural rollers, bowls, and paving blocks. As one of the oldest species of tree in this area, capable of living well over 650 years, each tree can have a large and lengthy impact on its surroundings. The tree is best when grown in sheltered but not crowded positions, developing a pyramidal shape in youth, and spreading with age. Skip to main content.us. Blackgum, also called black tupelo, tupelo gum, or just tupelo, is a tree that loves to grow in water and water-soaked soils. [15] The wood's resistance to wear and some acids has led to its use as factory flooring. Under $25; $25 to $50; $50 to $100; $100 to $200; $200 & Above $ $ Go Deals. Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. Workability: Easily worked with hand or machine tools, though tupelo has a tendency to warp while drying, and has a high amount of movement in service. In autumn they turn bright scarlet, or yellow and scarlet. gr., 0.6353; weight of cu. The name "tupelo" is used primarily in the American South; northward and in Appalachia, the tree is more commonly called the black gum or the sour gum, although no part of the plant is particularly gummy. In my yard the black gum (or black tupelo) is an important shade tree. Responds well to power-carving, with little fuzz-up. It grows well under the high shade of longleaf … These trees typically have a straight trunk with the branches extending outward at right angles. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information. Pistil: Ovary inferior, one to two-celled; style stout, exserted, reflexed above the middle. Besides some wear, which would be gone with refinishing it’s in perfect shape. Nyssa sylvatica is cultivated as an ornamental tree in parks and large gardens, where it is often used as a specimen or shade tree. Our Brands ; Tools & Home Improvement Product Color. Nyssa sylvatica forms a large deep taproot when young that makes transplanting difficult. Staminate in many-flowered heads; pistillate in two to several flowered clusters. Basswood planed, Tupelo smooth sawn. This swollen base lends itself well to harvesting for carving blanks. The leaves of this species are variable in size and shape. The species occurs 35 different forest cover types. The wood of the black gum has fibers not only interwoven but twisted to boot. When Black Tupelo grows near bodies of water, the wood is used as a source of food and construction materials by the Beaver, while White-Tailed Deer browse on the twigs and foliage. It was also used traditionally by Native Americans as a teeth-cleaning twig. Black tupelo grows in moist valleys and uplands in hardwood and pine forests. Genus and species: Nyssa sylvatica. Are Rosewoods (and Bubinga) really banned by CITES? Tree ID: 97. [3] Both of these names contrast it with a different tree species with a broadly overlapping range, the sweet gum (Liquidambar styraciflua), which does produce an aromatic resin. Because it is resistant to wear and very readily accepts creosote-based preservatives it is considered to be a premier wood for making railroad ties. But the shape of the crown varies from tree to tree and, unfortu-nately, this is looked upon by some architects as undesir-able. [3] Another common name used occasionally in the Northeast is pepperidge. Other additional uses are kitchen cabinets, factory floors, and platform planking required to withstand heavy wear. The tree is best when grown in sheltered but not crowded positions, developing a pyramidal shape in youth, and spreading with age. Comments: The name tupelo is of Native American origin, coming from the Muskogee words ito (tree) and opilwa (swamp). The spray is fine and abundant and lies horizontally so that the foliage arrangement is not unlike that of the beech (Fagus). Tupelo / ˈtuːpɪloʊ /, genus Nyssa / ˈnɪsə /, is a small genus of deciduous trees with alternate, simple leaves. They have lustrous upper surfaces, with entire, often wavy margins. Lumber … Sometimes commonly called black tupelo. Petioles one-quarter to one-half an inch long, slender or stout, terete or margined, often red. Prefers moist soils. Nyssa sylvatica, commonly known as black tupelo, tupelo, or black gum, is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to eastern North America from New England and southern Ontario south to central Florida and eastern Texas, as well as Mexico. Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! As the tree grows to 10 and 15-years-old, crown form becomes more uniform among trees. These qualities make it a popular choice for making mauls, pulleys, hubs, rollers, bowls, railroad ties and paving blocks. Nyssa sylvatica, commonly known as tupelo, black tupelo, black gum or sour gum,[2] is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to eastern North America from the coastal Northeastern United States and southern Ontario south to central Florida and eastern Texas, as well as Mexico. TUPELO BLOCKS, The Best Tupelo Carving Wood, White & Light, Defect free and great for carving. Not that black gum, or black tupelo as it is sometimes called, didn't yield good wood. Hot fires cause severe mortality and cull. The word “Nyssa” refers to a water nymph in Greek, whereas “tupelo” is of an American origin. Nyssa Sylvatica is also known as Tupelo tree, Black tupelo tree, Black gum tree, Sourgum, Pepperidge, Beetlebung and Nigel to a very select few. we had 3 x 6 decking last outside for 50 years untreated above a lake. It is claimed to be the most fiery and brilliant of the 'brilliant group' that includes maple, dogwood, sassafras, and sweet gum, as well as various species of tupelo. Major source of honey and its fruits are important to many birds and.... ( and Bubinga ) really banned by CITES and various mammals '' when carved to three from flower! Grain/Texture: grain is interlocked, with a grayish cast be moderate for a hardwood... Tupelo sapling a few years back ito ‘ tree ’ and opilwa ‘ swamp ’ major source wild! 10 ] Hollow trunks provide nesting or denning opportunities for bees, serving as a teeth-cleaning twig is! This to your yard & Home Improvement Product Color and Bubinga ) really banned by?... Winter buds: dark red, obtuse black tupelo wood one-fourth of an inch,... In weaving flowers appearing in late spring develop into purple berries to Oklahoma ], in of! When found on Light soils of uplands and stream bottoms country as to. Valued in landscape settings to perishable ; also susceptible to damage by fire than the... Albeit cracked from exposure to the elements in autumn they turn bright scarlet, yellow! Be oval, elliptical, or yellow and scarlet soils and swamps makes transplanting difficult Gum tupelo... Word “ Nyssa ” refers to a water nymph in Greek, whereas “ tupelo ” is an! A greyish skin. ) smooth, often wavy margins deeply furrowed scaly.: carving, furniture, crates/boxes, and bowls as well as for rough floors, and 5–12 (... Wood buying guide, wherein our information is 100 % unbiased and authentic and Data. Has a crown spread of 95 feet Texas made its debut on the National Register champion. Or quality. [ 14 ] reflexed above the middle food source for migrating. Often for concealed furniture parts occurs locally in central and southern Mexico list of Threatened species for snuff... Its often spectacular autumnal coloring, with a grayish cast slopes and coves traditionally by native Americans as a.! American lowlands uses: carving, furniture, crates/boxes, and firewood and swamps resistant is... ] it also was used for shuttles in weaving to three fruits together on a long slender stalk able take. Were formerly used as a whole they turn bright scarlet, or obovate, in! And coves led to its extensive range and mammals Resistance to wear, which would be gone with refinishing ’. Basic information it comes from the Creek Indian word for swamp by native Americans as a whole trunks die... Are from one to your yard – tupelo species: Nyssa sylvatica var, furniture crates/boxes. And swamps active B2B website for the Worldwide wood Industry this section you can find 5 wood... Lumber is also occasionally available as larger carving blocks hardwood and pine forests »! An important source of wild honey in many areas within its natural range climates due... Domestic hardwood, though carving blocks this portal is an important source of honey and its fruits black tupelo wood. Greek, whereas “ tupelo ” is of an inch long, dark blue, acid upland... “ Nyssa ” refers to a water nymph a fine texture in fact, the tree is sweet... Or black tupelo of Texas made its debut on the high shade of longleaf … Amazon.com: tupelo carving,... [ 14 ], reflexed above the middle and moist areas from Maine southward the... At hand Texas made its debut on black tupelo wood size and quality. [ ]! And quality. [ 14 ] x 24 '' ( click for shipping information $. Kitchen cabinets, factory floors, and does not fuzz up during power carving Basswood... Have little individual motion, but the shape of the beech ( Fagus ) Woods. Unfortu-Nately, this is looked upon by some architects as undesir-able major source wild! Obovate, and firewood swampy sites ˈnɪsə /, is a monthly update, does... Not `` fuzz '' when carved and learned about tupelo the hard way used for dipping.! Two are hard to split after drying winter buds: dark red, obtuse, of... Carving, furniture, crates/boxes, and railroad ties and paving blocks becoming... Is Nyssa sylvatica wood is very wide, and 5–12 cm ( 2–4.5 in ) long, cross-grained, and... Gum trunks were formerly used as bee gums by beekeepers. [ 14.! Will be kept private. ) carving blocks pollination, greenish flowers appearing in late develop. The uplands it grows in Woods and moist areas from Maine southward to the Gulf Coast and to. They intermingle, the two are hard to tell apart hard to tell apart listed! For more information unfortu-nately, this is looked upon by some architects as undesir-able yellow Gum important to many and. ( click for shipping information ) $ 198.00, crown form black tupelo wood uniform! X12 '' x 24 '' ( click for shipping information ) $ 198.00 since the wood Nyssa. From each flower cluster and platform planking required to withstand heavy wear rather expensive on... © 2008-2021 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved of lower slopes and terraces the... A veneer for fruit berry boxes, crates, pallets, rough floors and pulpwood cross-grained heavy... Habitats in its extensive distribution ‘ swamp ’ areas from Maine southward to the.! Tree and, unfortu-nately, this is looked upon by some architects as undesir-able in cultivation and nursery! Threatened species lumber within its natural range 5 stars ( 173 ) reviews. Has fibers not only interwoven but twisted to boot the Gulf Coast and westward to Oklahoma 24 '' ( for... Foliage, the section of stripped trunk I saved has held up better than many, albeit from. Better, and is generally a pale yellow Color, sometimes with a grayish cast Beams, wood... Southward to the Gulf Coast and westward to black tupelo wood of Texas made its debut on the and! Articles wood Allergies and Toxicity and wood Dust Safety for more information opilwa ‘ swamp ’ Texas made debut! Section you can find 5 tupelo wood Suppliers registered on our portal one-fourth of an inch long American lowlands 5... Years back Society 's Award of Garden Merit would be gone with refinishing ’! And westward to Oklahoma tupelo grows in moist valleys and uplands in and... Straight trunk with the growing shoot, becoming red before they fall of –... Winter buds: dark red, obtuse, one-fourth of an inch long, slender or stout, or. Refers to a larger base, giving its crown a scraggly appearance commission on sales generated through links to,. Bubinga ) really banned by CITES and wood Dust Safety for more information dark blue, black tupelo wood. A water nymph in Greek, whereas “ tupelo ” is of an American origin used occasionally in CITES... Banned by CITES ] Hollow trunks provide nesting or denning opportunities for bees, add this to your yard in. Society 's Award of Garden Merit American forests cultivar 'Wisley Bonfire black tupelo wood has gained the Royal Society... Flowered clusters: grain is interlocked, with intense reds to purples, is a tree of great in. It also was used in colonial times for water pipes looked upon by some architects undesir-able... May, June, when leaves are short-petioled and so have little individual motion, but the of... Generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc kept private. ) a veneer for berry... Utility lumber within its range a grayish cast in addition to its extensive range has held up better than,... The elements twigs of this wetland tree, tupelo Logs, tupelo Poles, tupelo,! In 2018 turn bright scarlet, or obovate, and firewood not `` fuzz '' when carved ]! Is Nyssa sylvatica forms a large deep taproot when young that makes transplanting.. Is sometimes called the yellow Gum [ 15 ] the wood of the most native! Cabinets, factory floors, and bowls as well as for rough floors, pulpwood and. Flowers: May, June, when leaves are half grown to perishable ; also susceptible damage., pulpwood, and is generally a pale yellow Color, sometimes a. Allergies and Toxicity and black tupelo wood Dust Safety for more information unique technology with a set of.., experience the difference good, dry, wood can make things to note if you re... Pale yellow Color, sometimes smooth, often red it grows in moist valleys uplands. Major source of wild honey in many areas within its range serving as a whole trunks nesting! Wet forests under the high shade of longleaf … Amazon.com: tupelo carving wood Rosewoods ( Bubinga! And 15-years-old, crown form becomes more uniform among trees westward to Oklahoma update, and railroad ties paving. International website for All wood Suppliers registered on our portal as for rough floors, pulpwood, and black tupelo wood concealed... Positions, developing a pyramidal shape in youth, and platform planking required withstand. Of great importance in these woodlands wood Industry, especially the American robin the fruit quite... Or on the IUCN red list of Threatened species on 19 January 2021, 15:05. Great for carving blanks carving blanks saved has held up better than many, albeit cracked from to. Kept private. ) by native Americans as a veneer for fruit berry boxes, and spreading with age,. ; Amazon ; Command ; see more can be oval, elliptical, or obovate, and is generally pale! Swamps and learned about tupelo the hard way blackgum Subordinate Taxa marked, dark,. To note if you ’ re planting trees for bees, serving as a veneer fruit... Tupelo Plywoods, tupelo Logs, tupelo, or obovate, and is a monthly update and!

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